|What is oral cancer treatment?|
Mouth cancer is a cancer that can develop in any part of the mouth. Treatment options for oral cancer which may be considered include radiotherapy, surgery, and chemotherapy. The treatment advised for each case usually depends on various factors such as the exact site and extent of the cancer, and your general health.
The main purpose of surgical treatment is to remove any affected tissue while minimizing damage to the rest of the mouth. If cancer in its early stages, it may be possible to remove any tumors using a type of laser surgery known as photodynamic therapy (PDT). Other than that, PDT involves taking a medicine that makes your tissue sensitive to the effects of light. A laser is then used to remove the tumor. If tongue is effected cancer part of the tongue will have to be removed.
During surgery, your surgeon may remove lymph nodes near the site of the initial tumor. This is known as a neck dissection. Neck dissections are often carried out as a preventative measure, as the nodes may contain small amounts of cancerous cells that cannot be detected through testing.
Radiotherapy usually used after surgery to prevent the cancer from reoccurring. It uses doses of radiation to kill cancerous cells. The treatment is normally given every day over the course of three to seven weeks, depending on the size of the cancer and how far it has spread. This treatment also has a side effect such as mouth ulcer, dry mouth, loss of appetite, feeling sick and bad breath.
Chemotherapy usually involves the use of powerful cancer-killing medicines. These medicine damage the DNA of the cancerous cell, interrupting their ability to reproduce. It often used in combination with radiotherapy when the cancer is widespread. Chemotherapy can also weaken your immune system and make you more vulnerable to infection.
- Biological Therapy
One of the biological therapies is cetuximab also known as monoclonal antibody. Biological therapy changes the activity of cancer cells. Cetuximab blocks areas on the surface of cancer cells that can trigger growth.